School leadership has a core position within education policy worldwide. Comparative
research in this area has been mainly focused on developed countries and has tended to
neglect the situation of developing nations, including Latin American countries. Considering
the above, this article presents the current status of school leadership policies in eight
systems of Latin America: Argentina, Ceara´/Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico,
Dominican Republic and Peru. The results highlight that, while in the majority of these
systems measures aimed in this direction have been implemented, school leadership policies
are still at an early stage, with several problems, contradictions, and lack of internal
and external coherence. The article ends with a discussion about the tensions embedded
on the translation of the Anglo-Saxon discourse of school leadership to the particular context
of Latin America and suggests the need to rethink a regional local–response to the
goal of promoting principal leadership.